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Travel and Tourism Syllabus




Travel and Tourism Syllabus is an introductory course on Travel and Tourism. Students completing this level will be prepared to attend the next level(XII) course. This is also a theoretical-cum-practical course which consists of ten units.



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     Grade XI NEB Syllabus -Travel and Tourism Syllabus

   Travel and Tourism Syllabus

                                                                                                   Grade: XI

Full marks: 100 (75T+25P)
Teaching hours: 150
I.         Introduction
Travel and Tourism Syllabus is an introductory course on Travel and Tourism. Students completing this level will be prepared to attend the next level(XII) course. This is also a theoretical-cum-practical course which consists of ten units.
II.      General Objectives
The general objectives of the Travel and Tourism Syllabus course are to:
a.       introduce students with the basics of travel and tourism including its structure, roles(at global, regional and national levels), functions, and acquaint them with different sectors of tourism;

b.      orient and induce the students to travel and tourism; and
c.       prepare students to attain the next level (XII) course.
III.  Specific Objectives
On completion of Travel and Tourism Syllabus, the students will be able to:
a.       explain basic concepts of travel and tourism;
b.      appreciate meaning, role, and nature of travel and tourism;
c.       explain the positive and negative impacts of tourism and apprehend the solutions to minimize the negative impacts;
d.      appreciate the major tourism products of Nepal;
e.       acquaint with different organizations involved in tourism such as travel trekking, rafting agencies, etc including their operational structure and function; and
f.        appreciate the role of tourism organizations/agencies.
IV.   Course Contents
Unit 1: Introduction
1.1              Concepts and meaning of tourism
1.2              Nature of tourism
1.3              Motivational factors of travel
1.4              Determining factors of tourism
1.5              Types of tourism
Unit 2: Meaning of visitors, tourists, and excursionists
2.1  Concepts and meaning of visitors
2.2  Concepts and meaning of tourist and tourist profiles
2.3  Excursionist
Unit 3: Evolution of Tourism
3.1              Evolution of tourism-global perspective
3.2              Evolution of tourism in the region (SAARC)
3.3              Evolution of tourism in Nepal
Unit 4: Components of Tourism
4.1              Attraction: Attraction in tourism and its types
4.2              Accessibility: Accessibility in tourism and means of transport
4.3              Accommodation: Accommodation in tourism and its types
4.4              Amenities: Amenities in tourism
Unit 5: Organizations and Associations involved in tourism
5.1              Introduction and need of organizations/associations in tourism
5.2              International
        International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) and its function
        UN World Tourism Organization(UNWTO) and its functions
        Universal Federation of Travel Agent Association (UFTAA) and its functions
        Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) and its functions
        International Air Transport Association (IATA), its roles and functions
          5.3       National
        National Tourism Council (NTC) and its functions
        Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation (MoTCA) and its Functions
        Nepal Tourism Board (NTB); role and functions
        Nepal Association of Tour and Travel Agents (NATTA) and its functions
        Trekking Agents Association of Nepal (TAAN) and it’s functions
        Hotel Association of Nepal (HAN); role and functions
        Other major associations of Nepal, such as NARA, TURGAN, etc

Unit 6: Major Tourism products of Nepal
6.1              Natural and cultural resources of Nepal
6.2              Tourism Geography of Nepal
6.3              Himalayan region- Natural and cultural resources
6.4              Mid Hilly region- Natural and cultural resources
6.5              Terai Region- Natural and cultural resources
6.6              National Parks, Wildlife Reserve and conservation Areas of Nepal 
6.7            Other attractions of Nepal, including new products of tourism magnitudes.
Unit 7: Tourism Sectoral Operation in Nepal
7.1              Tourism activities (Businesses) operating in Nepal
7.2              Travel the agency, its operational structure, and scope of operation
        Role of travel agencies
        Types of travel agencies
        Source of income of travel agency
        Functions of travel agency
          7.3       Trekking Agency, its operational structure and scope of operation
        Basics of trekking operations
        Trekking in Nepal
        Trekking regions of Nepal
        Operational guidelines
        Altitude sickness
   7.4         Rafting in Nepal
        Rafting equipment
        Major rafting rivers and their special features.
        International classification of difficulties (Rivers and rapids)
        Operational guidelines
7.5 Basic information on other tourists services operations such as Mountaineering, Rock climbing, Wildlife safari, Bungee jumping, Paragliding, Ultralight aircraft, Canyoning, Mountain flight, Cable car, Wave running, Mountain Biking, Home Stay or village tourism
Unit 8: Importance of Tourism
Importance of tourism from global, regional and national perspectives;
      Economic importance
      Social importance
      Educational importance
Unit 9: Impacts of Tourism
Positive and negative impacts and measures to minimize/eliminate negative impacts
      Economic impacts
      Social impacts
      Natural impacts
      Basics of sustainable development of tourism
Unit 10: Career prospects and Attributes in Tourism
      Tourism occupation
      Why choose tourism carrier
      Is tourism for you
      Success factors
V.      Breakdown of Theory, Practical and Demonstration Class Hours

Total Hours
Introduction of Tourism
Visitors, Tourist, and Excursionist
Evolution of Tourism
Components of Tourism
Organizations Involved in Tourism
Tourism products of Nepal
Tourism Business (Sectoral) Operation in Nepal
Importance of Tourism
Impacts of Tourism
Career Prospects and Attributes in Tourism
VI.   Evaluation Scheme/Marks Allocation


25 percent marks are allocated for practical activity which includes report writing on a study tour of known tourist destination/Place of product and presentation.
To be asked
To be answered
Comprehensive                   Answer
Short Answer Questions
Very Short Answer Questions
Practical- Study tour, report preparation, and presentation
100 marks
VII.     Annual Practical Examination

The annual practical examination should be held under the supervision of the official deputed from HSEB. The official deputed from HSEB will be required to verify the report prepared and evaluate the presentation made by the student.
VIII.  Reference books:
1.      Ghimire, Ananda, on Tourism XI, Kathmandu: Ekta Books Distributors.
2.      Ghimire, Ananda, Travel, and Tourism An Introduction, Kathmandu: Ekta Books


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