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+2 population syllabus


Population Studies has been designed to acquaint the students with the concept, knowledge, and dynamics of population studies, population characteristics, world population situation, determinants and measures of demographic components, population theories, and population trends, mathematical & statistical tools, problems, and their control measures.


Disclaimer: This is the old syllabus of NEB.
For 2076 Upadted syllabus with PDF download option,

Population Studies Syllabus

Grade: Xl
Full Marks: 100 (80 T +10 P)
Pass Marks: 28 T +8 P
Teaching hours: 180
1. Introduction
Population Studies has been designed to acquaint the students with the concept, knowledge, and dynamics of population studies, population characteristics, world population situation, determinants and measures of demographic components, population theories, and population trends, mathematical & statistical tools, problems, and their control measures. This the course is designed as a link between the secondary school level of population education and the bachelor’s level of population education /studies at the university and has two parts: theoretical (80%,) and practical (20%). The students are required to pass both the parts separately.
II. General Objectives
The general objectives of the Population Studies Syllabus course arc:
a. to introduce to the students the basic concepts of population studies: and
b. to develop their insights into the interrelationship between population growth and various processes of social and economic development at individual, family, community, national and global levels.

III. Specific Objectives

At the end of grade XI the students will be able to:
1.  explain the meaning of population studies and its importance:
2.  state the objectives and major areas of population studies;
3.discuss the meaning, characteristics, population size, composition, distribution, and density of population with reference to Nepal;
4. explain the various sources of population data; the population growth trends in developed, developing and SAARC
6.identify the trends and problems arising out of population growth;
7. explain the world population growth and its trends:
8. differentiate between demographic components, processes and measures;
9. discuss the determinants and trends of mortality and fertility:
10.describe the meaning, types, causes & consequences of migration;
11.compute demographic measures on fertility, mortality, migration and population growth;
12.discuss the Malthus, Optimum and Karl Marx theories of population:
13. explain the concepts and the different stages of demographic transition;
14.acquire skills and proficiency in applying mathematical concepts to solve computational problems in population studies;
15.  apply the formulae to population-related data:
16.   draw graphs of population data and interpret the trends:
17. apply the mathematical symbols to simplify the population statements:
18. apply the quadratic equation to obtain the ‘intrinsic, rate of growth’ (r) of the population; and
19. use the basic skills of data collection, report writing and report presentation:
  IV, Course Scheme:
Teaching hours
Population Studies
Population (with reference to Nepal)
Population Trends, Problems, and Management
World Population situation
Sources of Population Data
Population Theories
Mathematics in Demographical Analysis

V. Course contents

1. Population Studies                                                                   7 teaching hours
Concept and importance
§  Objectives
§  Major areas and dimensions

2. Population (with reference to Nepal)                                                 23 teaching hours 

Concepts and importance

      Characteristics of the population: Martial status, literacy, educational status, labor-force status
      Population size & its growth: Composition- age, sex, religion, occupation, ethnicity, mother tongue, education

        Distribution -ecological, regional & rural-urban
        Population pyramid- types and its construction
        Population density- computation
Aging: meaning, needs & importance, family support and care for the elderly people.
3.    Population Trends, Problems, and Management                      12 teaching hrs 
Emerging trends and population situation
-Emerging population trends and problems in Nepal
 Population related attitudes, beliefs, and values
     Family size
     Age at marriage
     Child Sex-preference (male)
    Problems arising out of population growth:
Basic needs: food, shelter, clothes, health, education, security, safe drinking water, recreation, employment, and environment.
Population management
4.    World Population Situation                           18 teaching hours
      World population growth and its trend
      Situation in developed & developing countries
      Situation in the SAARC countries
      Population growth measure – the rate of natural increase ( RNI ), balancing equation, arithmetical geometrical, exponential and doubling time and their computation.
5.    Sources of Population Data                               14 teaching hrs
                  Vital registration
                  Sample survey
                  Administrative records
6.    Demography
    Concept and its importance
§   Demographic components, processes, and measures
§   Fertility and fecundity
i. Concepts ii.Dcteimints
iii. Trends
iv. Measures: Crude Birth Rate (CBR), Age-Specific Birth Rate (ASBR), Total Fertility Rate (TFR), General Fertility Rate (GFR) Child-Woman Ratio (CWR)and Children Ever Born
(CEB). Gross Reproduction Rate (GRR) and Net Reproduction Rate (NRR)
                  Mortality and Morbidity
i. Concepts of morbidity and death 
ii. Factors affecting mortality
 iii. Causes of mortality decline in Nepal 
iv. Determinants 
v. Trends
vi.  Measures: Crude Death Rate (CDR), Age-Specific Death Rate (ASDR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CTVIR). Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR).
i.     Concept of mobility
ii.     Determinants- Demographic, Social, Economic, Political and Natural; Push and
Pull factors 
iii. Trends (internal                   and    international)
         Types of Migration
          Causes and consequences of Migrations.
        Measures: In migration Rate (IMR), Out Migration Rate (OMR), Net Migration Rate (NMR) Gross Migration Rate (GMR)
7.    Population Theories                                         9 teaching hours
Importance and criticism: Malthusian theory, Optimum theory, Karl Marx Theory and Demographic transition 
Demographic Transition: Concepts, Assumption, and Stages; Landry, Thompson, Notestcin and CP Blacker
8.    Mathematics in Demographical Analysis     32 teaching hours
   Real numbers, absolute value, average, absolute numbers, relative numbers (Proportions, ratios, rates)
                  Set theory
i. Concept of set and sub-sets, set notations 
ii. Universal set, null set, finite and infinite sets 
iii. Union and intersection of sets.
     Relation, Mappings, and Functions
    Simultaneous Linear Equations:
i. Constants and variables
 ii.Direct and indirect variation 
iii. Equations and identities
iv.  Graphical and algebraically solution of linear equations
 v. Graphical representation of inequalities.
                  Quadratic equations
i. Solving quadratic equations in standard form 
ii. Solving quadratic equations by factorization 
iii.Application of the problems involving quadratic equations. 
•  Analytic geometry
i. Cartesian plane 
ii. Distance between two points
iii. Equation of a straight line in form y, 1,  0 
     Matrice and Determinants:
Simple addition, subtraction, and multiplication;
A solution of two and three unknowns by matrix method and determinants, 
(Using Cramer’s Rule/Inverse Method)
9.    Practicum                                                  30 teaching hours
VI.  Instructional Materials
      National Report Census 2001 (CBS), Kathmandu.
      Population Monograph of Nepal ( 1987, 1995 and 2003) World Population Data (Current year) ESCAP, Bangkok.
      National Planning Commission (7th  to current plans)
VII.        Instructional Techniques Student-centred techniques:
(a)   role play
(b)  demonstration
(c)   discussion
(d)  individual /group work
(c) fieldwork project work etc
(f)    report presentation
(g)  self-study
(h)  problem solving method.
(i)    case study.
VII. Scheme of Assessment

Type of
Number of Questions
Full Marks
Pass Marks
Th. Short
3 hrs
Th. Long
Report+ Viva
The candidates are required to attempt 6 short questions out of 8 and 2 long questions out of 3.

IX. Prescribed Texts

1.   Bista, Premsing, Population Studies-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm
2.   lji6, k|]dl;+x / dx]Gb|/fh hf]zL, @)^!, hg;+Vof cWoog efu !, e’F8Lk’/f0f k|sfzg, sf7d8f}F 3. Bhande, AshaA. & Tara Kanitkar (2003) Principles of Population Studies, Himalaya Publishing House
4.  1jfnL, bfdf]b/, @)^) hg;+Vof lzIff -kfFrf}F ;+:s/0f_, ljBfyL{ k’:ts e08f/ .
5.  zfx, 8f=cf/=s], @)^!, hg;V+ of lzIff XI, Pstf a’S; l8l:6«Jo’6;{ k|f=ln= yfkfynL, sf7df8fF} .
6.   Jacobson W. J., 1979, Population Education. A knowledge Base, Teachers College, Colombia University, New York.
7.  o’lg;]km g]kfn, !((#, :j:y hLjgsf] ;/n tl/sf .
People who read this may also like to read  
Or Download All NEB updated syllabus NEB 2076 Updated Syllabus


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