Grade XI NEB Syllabus – Rural Development Syllabus

Rural Development Syllabus


 Rural Development Syllabus course is designed for the students of higher secondary level offering Rural Development as an elective subject in Grade-XI.                


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  Rural Development Syllabus

Grade: XI
Full marks: 100
Pass marks: 35
Teaching hours: 150

I.      Introduction

 Rural Development Syllabus course is designed for the students of higher secondary level offering Rural Development as an elective subject in Grade-XI. The purpose of this course is to familiarize the students with the importance and challenges of rural development with reference to Nepal. It will enable the students to understand the basic concepts of rural development along with the overview of the rural life of Nepal.
II.      General Objectives
 Rural Development Syllabus course aims at providing basic knowledge of rural development and equipping the students with basic skills and tools used in the field of rural development. The general objectives are:
1.                    to acquaint the students with the basic elements of rural development and 
2. to introduce the students to multidimensional aspects of the rural life of Nepal.
III.  Specific Objectives:
On completion of the  Rural Development Syllabus course, the students will be able to:
1.                    explain the nature and scope of rural development;
2.                    explain the major determinants of rural development
3.                    discuss the basic issues of rural development ;
4.                    describe the people and social structure of Nepal;
5.                    explain the rural social problems and social services in Nepal;
6.                    state the characteristics of the rural environment in Nepal;
7.                    explain the system of politics and governance in Nepal;
8.                    explain the prospects made on the rural development in Nepal;
9.                    state the features of rural-urban linkages, and
10.                develop the skills of writing the proposal for rural development projects.
IV.   Course Scheme
Units            Title of Course                TeachingHours
Part A :      Introduction to Rural Development                   65
1.                    Nature and Scope of Rural Development                     15
2.                    Determinants of Rural Development                            30
3.                    Basic Issues of Rural Development                      20
Part B: Overview of Nepalese Rural Life                               65
4.                    People and Social Structure of Nepal                           10
5.                    Rural Social Problems and Social Services in Nepal        15
6.                    Ecological Regions and Rural Life                  10

7.                    Government and Politics of Nepal                    10
8.                    Rural-Urban Linkages in Nepal                            10
9.                    Rural Development Programmes of Nepal                   10
Part C Practicum: Proposal Preparation for Rural                       20
         Development Projects
10.                Proposal Writing for Rural Development Projects 20
             Total Teaching Hours                                150
V.      Course Content
Part A
Introduction to Rural Development                            Teaching hours: 65
Unit 1
Nature and Scope of Rural Development           Teaching hours: 15
§    Concept of rural development
§    The subject matter of rural development 
§    Importance of rural development
                 Problems of rural development
                 Indicators of rural development
Unit  2
Determinants of Rural Development          Teaching hours: 30
                 Natural resources- water, forests land (public land, common land, etc), minerals and sources of energy (traditional and commercial) 
Human Resources- population (size, growth, and structure), labor force, employment situation and problems of rural unemployment.
                 Financial Sources- traditional and modem sources, rural credit
                 Technology- indigenous and modem technologies for rural development
                 Rural Industries- problems, ways to improve rurally industries
                 Rural Governance and Regional Dimensions
                 Socio-cultural dimensions- attitude, beliefs and values
Unit   3
    Basic Issues of Rural Development                         Teaching Hours: 20
                 Leadership in rural development
                 Rural Poverty
                 Right based approach to development
                 Gender issues
                 Social inclusion and exclusion
Part     B
Overview of Nepalese Rural life                                   Teaching hours: 65
Unit          4
People and Social Structure of Nepal                          Teaching hours 10
                 Characteristics of rural physical structure-village settlement
                 Indigenous people
                 Community-community life and social capital
                 The cultural diversity of the people
Unit           5
Rural Social Problems and Social Services in Nepal                Teaching hours: 15
                 Caste composition and occupational structure
                 Marginalized groups-features and status
                 Social problems- isolation, voicelessness, fatalism, superstitions.
                 Women and children-status and Current issues
                 Social services-health, education, drinking water and sanitation, social security
                 Social maladies- attitude towards social customs, beliefs
Unit         6
     Ecological Regions and Rural Life           Teaching hours: 10
                 Introduction to different ecological regions
                 Disparities of different ecological regions
                 The interdependence of different ecological regions
Unit        7
    Government and Politics of Nepal                           Teaching hours 10
                 Constitution of Nepal
1.    Fundamental Rights
2.    Directive Principles of State Policy
3.    Salient Features of the legislature, executive and judiciary
        Role of political parties in rural development
        Introduction to local government o VDC: composition and power o DDC: composition and power
o The linkagebetween VDC and DDC
Unit            8
     Rural-Urban Linkages in Nepal                             Teaching hours 10
        Concept of rural-urban linkages
        Nature of rural-urban interdependence
        Rural-urban migration: push and pull factors
        Benefits and implications of rural-urban linkages
   Unit 9 Rural Development Programs of Nepal  
Teaching Hours 10
        Brief historical background to rural development
        Small Farmers Development Programme (SFDP), Integrated Rural Development
Program (IRDP), Small Area Development Programme (SADP)
Part C
 Practicum: Proposal Preparation for Rural Development Project   Teaching hours 20

                                                    Unit 10
Proposal Writing for Rural Development Project                           Teaching hrs 20
        Elements of a proposal
        Methods of writing a proposal
        Formulation of a proposal for a rural development project
A project proposal for the fieldwork is to be prepared by the students of rural development. The topics or the project proposal have to be related to rural development issues. The weightage for proposal writing will be of 20 marks out of which 10 marks will be for internal and 10 for external evaluation. The internal evaluation of the project work is to be done by the subject teacher of the school/college and verified by the Principal of the concerned school/college. The project proposal and internal marks are to be sent to the Controller Office, HSEB, for external evaluation.
V.        Instructional techniques
a.       Lecture
b.      Observation/field visits
c.       Discussion
d.      Parties pastor approach
e.       Report writing
VI.     Instructional materials
a.       File charts
b.      Fondles/ article
c.       Reference books
VII.  Evaluation Scheme
Question No.                                 Nature of questions         
Part A: Introduction to Rural Development                                                                   
1.                            Long                          
2.                             Long                         
3. a. b. c. d                              Short questions (attempt any two)               
4. a. b.c.d.e              Very short questions                                                            
Part B: Overview of Nepalese Rural Life                                                                   
6.                             Long                         
7.                            Long                          
8. a.b.c.d.                                 Short Questions (attempt any two)  
9. a.b.c.d.e.              Very short questions                                                            
    2X5 =10
Sub total marks                                                               
Part C: Practicum: Proposal Preparation for Rural Development         20
10. Proposal writing for Rural Development (Internal and External Evaluation)                                                                                                              10+10= 20
                          Grand Total                                             100
VIII. References
1.         Sapkota, Keshabraj, Rural Development XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan, ktm
2.         Singh K., Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management, Vistar Publication, New Delhi
3.         Adhikari S. P, Rural Development in Nepal: Problems and Prospects, sajha Prakasan
4.         Bista S. K., Rural development in Nepal: An Alternative Strategy, (first edition 2000), Krishna Kumar Shrestha
5.         Kunwar K. B., Nepalma Garibi ra Gramin Bikas (Poverty in Nepal and Rural development, In Nepali), Meena Prakashan
6.         Kunwar K. B., The Himalayan Poverty, Prosperity through Rural Development (Second Edition 2004), Meena Prakashan
7.         D.Janwali, Rural-Urban Interaction: A Geographical perspective, students’ Books Publishers and Distributors
8.         Dahal R.K., Rajya ra Gram in Bikas (State and Rural Development first edition), New Hira Books Enterprises
9.         Lekhak H. D. and Lekhak B., Natural Resource Conservation and Sustainable Development in Nepal, Kshitz Publication
10.     Luitel C., Gramin Arthasastra (Rural Economics in Nepali). Bhundipuran Prakashan, Kathmandu
11.     Mathema R. B., Strategies of Rural Development in Nepal: Some Observations Some thoughts, Sitadevi Mathema
12.     Pradhan P., Manual for Urban-Rural Linkage and Rural Development Analysis, New Hira Books enterprises, Kathmandu
13.     Singh B. K., Co-operative Development in Nepal Kitab mahal Private Limited
14.     DharaviM.S., Joshi K. G. and Mikundi S. G. (ed). Rural and Urban Studies in India, Rawat Publications
15.     Karan P. P. and Hiroshi Ishii, Nepal A Himalayan Kingdom in Transition, United Nations
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