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Grade XI NEB Syllabus - Agriculture


NEB Agriculture  Syllabus course is designed for students of grade XI with agriculture as an optional subject. It consists of eleven units. The nature of the course is both practical and theoretical. Agriculture is the science which deals with the farming of crops, livestock, fish, and poultry. Crops are grown for food, fiber, industry, and medicinal purposes.


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  Grade XI NEB Syllabus

 NEB Agriculture Syllabus


        Grade XI

Full Marks : 100 (75T+ 25P)
Pass Marks: Th. 27 + Pr. l0
Teaching Hours: 150
Nature of Course: Theory +Practical
I. Introduction of NEB Agriculture  Syllabus (Course Description)
NEB Agriculture  Syllabus course is designed for students of grade XI with agriculture as an optional subject. It consists of eleven units. The nature of the course is both practical and theoretical. Agriculture is the science which deals with the farming of crops, livestock, fish, and poultry. Crops are grown for food, fiber, industry, and medicinal purposes. The integrated knowledge of growing various crops such as cereals, pulses, oilseeds, industrial crops, spices, vegetables, flowers, and fruits become very useful for profitable farming. The study of the subject provides an understanding of farming operations such as permaculture farming, agroecology, soil science, plant protection, crop production, agri-engineering, agriculture economy, vegetable production, fish production, livestock production.
I.     Objectives of NEB Agriculture  Syllabus
The general objectives of Agriculture  Syllabus course are:
a.       to provide knowledge on crops and livestock farming and agro ecology·
b.      to make aware of the present technologies and developments in crop, livestock and fisheries; and
c.       to develop skills in adapting agriculture as a profession and generate self employment opportunities.
II.  Specific objectives of NEB Agriculture  Syllabus
On completion of the Agriculture  Syllabus courses, the students will be able to:
1.      explain the concept of agriculture and discuss permaculture farming.
2.      discuss the cultivation of various crops such as cereals, pulses, oilseeds, industrial crops, spices, vegetables, fruits, etc;

3.      explain principles and practices of crop production based on agro-ecological zones;
4.      explain the production of various livestock such as cow, buffalo, goat, sheep, poultry, pig, fish, etc; and
5.      discuss principles and practices of animal production based on agro-ecological zones.
6.      identify the use and importance of agri-engineering.
7.      classify the agro-ecology of crop plants.
IV.  Course Scheme of NEB Agriculture  Syllabus
Units Title                                                                               Teaching Hours
1. Introduction to Agriculture                                 
2. Permaculture Farming                                         
3.  Classification of agroecology of 
cops plants 
4. Soil Science I                                                      
5. Plant protection                                                   
6. Crop production I                                                
7. Agri- engineering I                                              
8. Agricultural Economics and Marketing              
9. Vegetable Production                                          
10. Fish production I                                               
11. Livestock Production I                                      
V.     Course Contents of NEB Agriculture  Syllabus
Unit-1 Introduction ln Agriculture:
     Agriculture in Nepal: past, present, and future
     Population, climate change, and agriculture development
     Modern agriculture and sustainable agriculture
     Conservation of local biodiversity
     Agriculture as commercial enterprises
Unit-2 Permaculture Farming
          Concept of permaculture 
    Principles of permaculture design 
   Management of permaculture.
Unit-3 Classification and Agro-ecology of Crop plants 
           Classification of crops (agronomical and horticultural crops) 
           Relationship of major crops to climatic and edaphic conditions.
Unit-4 Soil Science I
          Types of soil
          Structure of soil
          Instruments used for soil sampling and test
          Compost preparation.
          Soil sampling technique 
Unit-5 Plants Protection:
          Harmful and beneficial insects
          The general life cycle of insects
          Principle of insect management
          Symptoms of diseases
          Principle of diseases management
          Pesticides and their formulation
          Botanical pesticides and their usage
          Handling of pesticides

          Plant protection equipment
          Major insects and diseases of prioritized crops and their management (rice, maize, wheat, potato, citrus, apple, mango and vegetables)
          Integrated pest management
          Identification of major insect pets
          Identification of major diseases
          Identification of pesticides
          Identification of sprayers and their handling
          Pesticide calibration
          Preparation of botanical pesticides
          Visit farmers fields/ research station/ demonstration plots
Unit-6 Crop Production l
          Introduction,  importance recommended varieties
          Origin, distribution, taxonomy, and morphology of agronomic crop species.
          Agro-ecology (Relation to climate and edaphic conditions) of agronomic crop species.
a)                  Cereals (Rice, Maize, Wheat)
          Crop rotations and cropping pattern
          Land preparation
          Seed preparation, methods of sowing
          Nursery management (rice)
          Transplanting (rice)
          Plant nutrients (chemical fertilizers, organic and bio-fertilizers)
          Intercultural operation and weed management
          Water management
          Harvesting and storage,
b)                 Grain Legumes (lentil, chickpea, and groundnut) 
         Crop rotations and cropping patterns. 
           Land preparation,
          Seed preparation, methods of sowing
          Plant nutrients (chemical fertilizers, organic and bio-fertilizers)
          Intercultural operation and weed management
          Water management
          Harvesting and storage.
c)                  Organic farming and sustainable agriculture:
          Concept and approaches: organic farming, permaculture, bio-intensive farming system, 
           Significance and implications of organic and sustainable agriculture,
          Identification of agronomic crops based on the seed type,
          Planning of scientific crop rotation and cropping patterns,
          Nursery bed preparation for rice,
          Field preparation, sowing, intercultural operation and harvesting of selected agronomic crops in each season,
          Fertilizer and manure: calculation of dosages; application in the field.
Unit-7 Agri-engineering I
a)                    irrigation and drainage
          Types of irrigation
          Irrigation requirement of various crops
          Losses due to over-irrigation
          Types of drainage
b)                   Agricultural equipment
          Tillage equipment
          Seeding equipment
          Intercultural equipment
          Irrigation equipment
          Harvesting and threshing equipment
          Seed cleaning and grading equipment
Unit-8 Agricultural Economics and Marketing
          Demand and supply
          Cost of production
          Agriculture marketing
Unit-9 Vegetable Production
a)                  importance of vegetables:
     Introduction, scope, economic and nutrition value.
     Vegetable industry in Nepal. 
Classification of vegetables.
     Vegetable cultivation based on agroecological zone. 
Vegetable cropping systems and rotation.
b)                 Types of vegetable of gardening:
§   Home stead or kitchen gardening.
§   Advantages, selection, of vegetable type, planning and guidelines for successful management.
       Commercial vegetable gardening.
       Market gardening.
       Truck gardening or farming.
       Off-season vegetable production
       Methods (plastic tunnel system)
       Relationship to climatic and edaphic conditions.
       Recommended varieties and their characteristics.
c)                  Vegetable nursery management
     Land preparation
     Seed treatment
     Seed sowing
     Seeding care
     offseason vegetable nursery
d)                 Methods of vegetable production: 
o          Potato
o    Cole crops ( cauliflower, cabbage)
o    Cucurbitaceous crops (cucumber, bitter gourd, squash, and pumpkins, bottle gourd, sponge gourd)
o    Root and stem crops (radish, turnip, carrot)
o    Bulb crops(onion and garlic) 
o Green leafy crops (broad leaf mustard, cress, spinach, Swiss chard) 
o Fruit vegetables (lady’s finger, tomato, brinjal, chilly) 
o       Leguminous vegetables (french bean, cowpea and peas)
c) Vegetable seed production
     Seed quality
     Seed production techniques: Isolation (cross pollinated crops); Selection; rouging
     Maturity assessment
     Harvesting, storage, and marketing.
     Identification of vegetable seeds and crops based on the part used 
Planning of homestead or kitchen garden.
     Vegetable nursery bed preparation and sowing
     Fertilizer and manure calculation of dosages: application in the field. Crops.
Unit-10 Fish Production I
a)                  Warm water fish culture 
Pond construction.
     Water quality management in pond fish culture
     Preparation of pond for fish culture
     Characteristics of cultivable fishes
     Types of culture practices
     Level of fish culture
     Pond management
     Economics of warm water fish culture
b)                 Common fish diseases occurring to carps and their control Practice

     Field visit (specify the location)
Unit-11 Livestock Production I 
a) General
     Classification of domestic animals and poultry.
     Economic herd size of farm animals.
     The distinction between sick and healthy animals
     General prevention measures and practices
b)  Fodder and pasture
     Fodder classification
     Important fodder trees, grasses, legumes
     Grazing management system
     Forage conservation
     Nursery establishment and management.
     Carrying capacity of community pasture land.
     Identification of important fodder trees, grasses and legumes
c)   Poultry production
     Poultry breeds 
Poultry production system 
Incubation and hatching of eggs.
     Brooding and rearing
     Care and management 
Selection and culling of birds 
Feed requirement.
     Parasitic diseases
     Infectious diseases 
     Poultry breeds
     Selection and culling of birds
d)  Sheep and goat production
     Native breeds 
Exotic breeds
     Production system
     Care and management
     Identification methods
     Castration, dehorning, dipping, shearing
     Selection and culling
     Types of feed and management
     Parasitic diseases and management
     Infectious diseases and management 
      Identification methods
      Castration dehorning, dipping, shearing
      Selection and culling
VI.     Teaching Learning Strategies
     Project work
     Group work
     Pair work
     Field study
VII.  Instructional Materials
Charts etc.
VIII.     Evaluation Scheme a) Theory portion
Total questions
Required no of
Nature of questions
Weightage for each
to be asked
answers to be attempted
Descriptive (long answer questions
Short answer questions
Very short answer questions
75 Marks
b) Practical Portion
Sporting/performance( class/field)
Practical record
Final practical
IX.        Reference books of NEB Agriculture  

     Bardach, J.E., .J.H. Ryther and W.O. Maclarney, 1972, Aquaculture. The Farming and Husbandry of Fresh Wartch and Marine Organisms. Science ed, Hohn Wiley & Sons, N.Y. Chichester, Brisbane. Toronto, 868 PP.
     Chakrabarty, N.M. 1994, Diseases of Cultivable Freshwater Fishes and Their Contro. Published by International books and periodicals supply Services, Nishant Junj, Pitampura. Delhi. 149pp.
     Shephard, Jonathan & N B 1988. Intensive Fish Farming. Black well Science, London.
     Leitriz, Earl, 1963, Trout and salmon Culture, state of California, Dept. of fish and Game. fish Bulletin No. 107
     Huet. Marcel 1975. Text Books of fish culture, Fishing news (Book) Ltd.; Rosemount Avbenue, West By fleet, Surrey, England.
     Martyshev, F.G. 1983 Pond Fisheries, Amerined Publishing Co. Pvt. Lld. New Delhi .454pp.
     Sedgwick, Stephen Drummond.1985. Trout Farming Handbook. Fourth Ed. F’ishing News Books Ltd. I Long Garden walk. Farnham Surrey. England.
     Freshwater Fish Seed Production Manual.
     Natural Water f’isheries Development Project NARC and JICA.
     Rajbhandari B.P.2010. Bio-intensive Farming System -;3g h}las v]tL k|0ffnL_.WOREC Nepal. Kathmandu. 211 PP.
     Rajbhandari, B.P. 1991 .Gruundnut: biology and production technology, International Offset Press Kathmandu. 170 PP.
     Rajbhandari, B.P. 1998. Grain Legumes of Nepal. Kumar Chhapakhana, Chitwan. 280 PP.
     Trainers’ manuals, MDAP,DOA. (English & Nepali)
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