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All About Corona Virus COVID-19 Information


Why named Corona Virus?

So the whole family of coronaviruses is named Coronavirus because corona means a crown, and so this refers to the way that the virus looks under the microscope like there’s a crown on the top of the virus. 

What did the Corona Virus cause?

Some of them, four or five different kinds, cause common diseases among humans, everything from the cold to mild or moderate respiratory illnesses. Other types of these viruses affect animals, and sometimes, on rare occasions, we see coronaviruses jump from animal species into the human population. 

Now All about COVID-19

The 2019 novel coronavirus is getting tons of attention now because it’s a replacement quite coronavirus we’ve not seen among humans before. The theory is that it’s going to have jumped from an animal species into the human population, then begun spreading. We have seen some people that have died of this disease, and we know that there are already millions of cases. So people are concerned because we do not yet know exactly how severe the disease is going to be or how far it’ll spread. 

When a new virus emerges, we often have to learn much more about it, and one of the things that we question is how does it transmit from person to person? We know that most respiratory viruses are spread by large droplets that come out when people cough and sneeze, and stay aloft usually for about six feet in front of them. They land on surfaces, and then can also be transmitted between person to person by touching those surfaces, such as doorknobs or other surfaces. Other viruses can spread in the air and stay aloft for a longer period of time in small droplet nuclei. 

For this current 2019 coronavirus, we’re not yet sure whether it is droplet or airborne transmission, so we’re erring on the side of caution and taking protection as if it was spread by the airborne route. 

We’re still learning a lot about this 2019 novel coronavirus, to understand how dangerous it might be. Right now, the majority of the cases are in China, America, Italy, France, and other European countries. We know that some travelers have brought the virus to other countries, including the United States. I think one of the main things to keep in mind is that this is a respiratory virus season, and we have other respiratory viruses like influenza that we need to take precautions because we know we have thousands of cases and thousands of deaths in this country every year from influenza.

 Given the ongoing transmission of the virus in Globally, we have a travel alert that was issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. So at this point, until we all know more, avoid a non-essential international visit.

Corona Virus Prevention and Elimination Program by the USA

Johns Hopkins Health System and health systems across the nation are busy right now preparing to safely identify, isolate, evaluate, and care for patients with the 2019 novel coronavirus. We have the capability of doing this safely by utilizing personal protective equipment(PPE), by implementing travel screenings so that we can quickly identify patients who have risk factors for the disease, and then implementing isolation precautions, the use of personal protective equipment, and other measures to make sure that we limit the spread of the virus.

At the Johns Hopkins Hospital and throughout our health system, we routinely care for patients infected with diseases that are spread by the airborne route, so we have the expertise to do this safely. When a replacement virus comes along that has unknown risks, we’ve extra measures that we will put in situ, including our biocontainment unit which will advise us and put plans in place to safely care for these patients. 

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